The Wicked Problems

Situations containing complex systems – “wicked problem”, Horst Rittel in 1970s. – Easy problems have been solved, only difficult ones left as they cannot be defined let alone resolved. Ten significant characteristics (Webber and Rittel, 1973): No definitive formulation e.g. problem of poverty in Texas is very similar but subtly different from poverty in Nairobi – no practical characteristics describe […]