When referring to another author’s work or ideas in your work, need to cite source by author’s last name and year of publication.
- Direct citation – author is cited alongside their work.
- In general, when writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been supported in the work of Cormack (1994).
- Indirection citation – author’s work discussed but name not directly referred to.
- Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994).